Is rice straw good for animals?
In cows and heifers, ensiling rice straw was beneficial to daily milk yield (Chen XiLing et al., 1995) and fat milk content (Ngo Van Man et al., 2001). ... In steers, chemical treatments of the rice straw were also shown to increase feed intake and animal performance (Nguyen Xuan Trach, 2004; Cardoso et al., 2004).
Does goat eat paddy hay?
Rice straw is a readily available, practical, and cheap source of fodder for feeding ruminants such as buffaloes, cattle, goats, and sheep. ... This is due to lower dry matter intake and protein content (from 4.
What is the best fodder for goats?
Fodder production for Sheep and Goat
- Cowpea / Lobia - Thattaipayuru / Karamani. It is an annual crop. ...
- Desmanthus- Hedge lucerne / Velimasal. Desmanthus is a perennial crop. ...
- Lucerne. Lucerne is also termed `Queen of forages'.
- Stylo. Stylo is an erect growing perennial forage legume native of Brazil.
Is corn silage good for goats?
Silage can be an economical source of nutrients for sheep and goats, especially on large farms where feeding can be mechanized. Corn silage is composed of the entire corn plant. Silage can also be made from forage and small grain crops.
Which fodder is good for goats?
There is growing evidence that many of the grasses, shrubs, and tree leaves are chosen by goats are of high nutritional value. Common Goat Feed and Goat Fodder: Shrub renders: Babul, neem, pipal, mango, Prosopis, gliricidia, mulberry, subabul, alfalfa, banyan, etc.. These tree foliage are also known as a top feed.
How much fodder does a goat need per day?
It is recommended 6 to 7 hours of grazing plus 10 kg of cultivated green fodder/day/goat. It is recommended 6 to 7 hours of grazing plus 450 grams of concentrate mixture/day/goat. It is recommended 6 to 7 hours of grazing plus 750 to 800 grams of good quality legume hay/day/goat.
Is Moringa leaves good for goat?
Moringa leaves contain a good amount of beta-carotene, vitamin C, calcium, magnesium and iron. Nutritional profile is presented in Table – 2. Since Moringa leaves are rich in protein, so can be used as a fodder for milch animals and other animals like goats.
Which green fodder has maximum protein?
What is the best seed for fodder?
The seed that we recommend most often are barley, alfalfa, millet, oats, wheat, grain rye, ryegrass, buckwheat, field peas, clover, sunflowers, sorghum and more. Fodder Rule of thumb is "2% of the animal's live body weight of fodder per day." One pound of seed can produce eight pounds of fodder.
Which fodder has highest protein?
Which crop is called Queen of forages?
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) or lucerne is the most important forage legume worldwide and frequently called the 'Queen of forages' due to its wide adaptation, high yield, and high quality.
In which season fodder crops are grown?
Soil and climate: The crop is mostly grown in kharif season from June to October. Crop grows on a wide range of soils from very light soils from sand dunes in Rajasthan to red loams of Karnataka and Maharatsrta. Seed rate and sowing: The recommended spacing is 45 cm between rows and 10-12 cm between plants within row.
Why is alfalfa the queen of forages?
Alfalfa is called “the queen of forages” because of its importance as a high-quality protein crop. Alfalfa is a cool season perennial legume that fixes its own nitrogen. It is the highest nutritive value forage grown today.
Is alfalfa drought tolerant?
Although yields are highest with full irrigation, alfalfa can survive periodic droughts. This is due both to deep roots as well as ability to go 'summer dormant' under dry conditions.
How many years does alfalfa last?
Alfalfa can remain productive in stands from four to ten years or more, but as plant population declines renovation eventually becomes necessary.
How many years will alfalfa grow?
With alfalfa I try to plan for a 5 year stand. Sometimes it comes out after 3 years and sometimes it stays for 7 years. One time one field persisted for 11 full years of full production. I must also mention that one stand was plowed out before the first cutting.
Can you cut alfalfa the first year?
When alfalfa is seeded in the spring, the first cutting the same year should be done after flowers begin to appear, allowing greater energy reserves in the roots, she says. Generally, alfalfa will reach this stage of development between 60 and 70 days after emergence.
Which cut of alfalfa is best?
Third (and later) cut alfalfa, develops a higher leaf to stem ratio because of the slower growth during the cool part of the season. Therefore, third cut hay will usually have the highest nutritive value.
When should you not cut alfalfa?
Last-cut timing The tried-and-true practice for best winter survival is to wrap up the final harvest by early September. “The thumb-rule is that alfalfa fields in the upper Midwest and Northeast should not be harvested between September 1 and October 15,” Newell shares.
How short should you cut alfalfa?
Current recommendations regarding cutting height of alfalfa are designed to maximize yield while maintaining high quality forages and stand longevity. Forage growers frequently cut forages at a height of 3-inches or more.
What is the difference between first and second cut hay?
First cut hay is coarser than second cut, this is because the spring growth (rain, etc.) leads to thicker stems and stalks and heavier leaves. Second cut hay has a finer texture and usually, a greener color and heavier leaves. It is more dense, the leaves are more tender and healthier, especially in protein.
How low should you cut hay?
For hay production of cool-season pastures, mow or graze before seedheads develop, and down to 3 to 5 inches. For warm season pastures, mow or graze down to 8 to 10 inches for proper regrowth.
What is the best time of day to cut alfalfa?
How do you know when to cut hay?
If the hay is ready, it will make a crunching sound and snap almost. Do this test with the hay at the bottom of your windrow. If the hay it still moist, you have two options: You can use a tedder to turn over hay and to help it dry faster.
Why do farmers bale hay at night?
Night baling is an option to have enough moisture to save the leave when baling. For you and day time baling, the time of day to rake hay is in the morning when the humidity is above 90%. (Now the hay could care less what the humidity is at the house, weather station, or in the field but at belly level.)
Does alfalfa grow after flowering?
The first harvest can be made before flowers begin to appear, but waiting for the alfalfa to flower will ensure greater energy reserves in the roots. Alfalfa will generally reach this stage of development between 60 and 70 days after emergence.
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