How much does alfalfa hay per acre?

How much does alfalfa hay per acre?

NASS also reported alfalfa hay yields of 3.

How do you maintain alfalfa?

In fact, too much moisture can lead to mold growth. When growing alfalfa, choose an area with plenty of full sun. Also look for a well-draining area with a soil pH level between 6.

What's the best fertilizer for alfalfa?

nitrogen fertilizer

How much fertilizer should I put on my alfalfa?

Small amounts of N fertilizer supplying about 25 lb. N per acre may enhance establishment when alfalfa is seeded in a coarse-textured soil. You can apply a small amount of N when alfalfa is seeded with a nurse or companion crop. This is especially true when soils are sandy.

How late can you cut alfalfa?

Anytime if Oct. 13 is a killing frost. Mid-Nov. Early Nov....Fall Alfalfa Harvest – Cut now or wait till after a killing frost?
Crop Reporting DistrictAverage killing frost date for alfalfa (24 F)Date 5-6 weeks prior to average killing frost date
7Oct. 30Sept. 10-17
8Oct. 31Sept. 11-18

How many times can you cut alfalfa?

The optimal compromise for higher forage quality and dry matter yield of alfalfa is to harvest the first cutting at the late-bud to first-flower stage and to make subsequent cuttings at 32-to-35 day intervals until late August or early-September, often referred to as a "4 summer-cut system."

What happens to alfalfa if you don't cut it?

For a late-fall cutting, alfalfa plants have accumulated carbohydrate and protein reserves in the taproot through the fall, and it comes at a time when there is no risk of those reserves being depleted by regrowth. ... Rather, leaves freeze and eventually drop off the plant.

Can you cut alfalfa too early?

Many growers cut soon after the first blooms appear; however, weather can cause long delays and sometimes alfalfa doesn't bloom very aggressively during spring. ... Cutting healthy, vigorously growing alfalfa when it is 15-20 inches tall has several advantages. Weather might be better than later in spring.

What is the best cut of alfalfa hay?

Third (and later) cut alfalfa, develops a higher leaf to stem ratio because of the slower growth during the cool part of the season. Therefore, third cut hay will usually have the highest nutritive value.

How do you know when to bale alfalfa?

Alfalfa stems have a thin layer covering them. This layer is called the "epidermis." If you can scrape off this thin layer with your thumbnail, then the alfalfa is too wet to bale. If it is dry enough, the layer will not come off.

How wet can you bale alfalfa?

Baling hay at 13 to 16 percent moisture is ideal. Hay with a moisture content between 5 and 12 percent is too dry and subject to leaf loss. Baling hay at 23 percent moisture is a fire hazard. Using a preservative can increase the baling window and allow for higher moisture alfalfa to be baled.

How do you know if alfalfa is cured?

To tell if the alfalfa is to dry, grab a piece of alfalfa and slide your hand down it and if the flowers fall off, then it is too dry. Once it is dry, rake the hay up into a windrow, which then let, sit for around half a day. It all depends on the weather.

How can you tell good quality hay?

Good quality hay should be bright green in color with little fading. A bleached, yellow, brown or black color may indicate aged hay, mold or poor storage conditions. Storage condition and age have a significant effect on vitamin content of hays.